Dynamic and regulated TAF gene expression during mouse embryonic germ cell development


Autoři: Megan A. Gura aff001;  Maria M. Mikedis aff002;  Kimberly A. Seymour aff001;  Dirk G. de Rooij aff002;  David C. Page aff002;  Richard N. Freiman aff001
Působiště autorů: Brown University, MCB Graduate Program and Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Providence, RI, United States of America aff001;  Whitehead Institute, Cambridge, MA, United States of America aff002;  Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States of America aff003;  Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Whitehead Institute, Cambridge, MA, United States of America aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: Dynamic and regulated TAF gene expression during mouse embryonic germ cell development. PLoS Genet 16(1): e1008515. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008515
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008515

Souhrn

Germ cells undergo many developmental transitions before ultimately becoming either eggs or sperm, and during embryonic development these transitions include epigenetic reprogramming, quiescence, and meiosis. To begin understanding the transcriptional regulation underlying these complex processes, we examined the spatial and temporal expression of TAF4b, a variant TFIID subunit required for fertility, during embryonic germ cell development. By analyzing published datasets and using our own experimental system to validate these expression studies, we determined that both Taf4b mRNA and protein are highly germ cell-enriched and that Taf4b mRNA levels dramatically increase from embryonic day 12.5–18.5. Surprisingly, additional mRNAs encoding other TFIID subunits are coordinately upregulated through this time course, including Taf7l and Taf9b. The expression of several of these germ cell-enriched TFIID genes is dependent upon Dazl and/or Stra8, known regulators of germ cell development and meiosis. Together, these data suggest that germ cells employ a highly specialized and dynamic form of TFIID to drive the transcriptional programs that underlie mammalian germ cell development.

Klíčová slova:

Gene expression – Germ cells – Gonads – Meiosis – Messenger RNA – Mouse models – Ovaries – Spermatocytes


Zdroje

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