The conserved transcriptional regulator CdnL is required for metabolic homeostasis and morphogenesis in Caulobacter


Autoři: Selamawit Abi Woldemeskel aff001;  Allison K. Daitch aff001;  Laura Alvarez aff002;  Gaël Panis aff003;  Rilee Zeinert aff004;  Diego Gonzalez aff005;  Erika Smith aff001;  Justine Collier aff005;  Peter Chien aff004;  Felipe Cava aff002;  Patrick H. Viollier aff003;  Erin D. Goley aff001
Působiště autorů: Department of Biological Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America aff001;  Department of Molecular Biology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden aff002;  Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland aff003;  Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Massachusetts-Amherst, MA, United States of America aff004;  Department of Fundamental Microbiology, Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland aff005
Vyšlo v časopise: The conserved transcriptional regulator CdnL is required for metabolic homeostasis and morphogenesis in Caulobacter. PLoS Genet 16(1): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008591
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008591

Souhrn

Bacterial growth and division require regulated synthesis of the macromolecules used to expand and replicate components of the cell. Transcription of housekeeping genes required for metabolic homeostasis and cell proliferation is guided by the sigma factor σ70. The conserved CarD-like transcriptional regulator, CdnL, associates with promoter regions where σ70 localizes and stabilizes the open promoter complex. However, the contributions of CdnL to metabolic homeostasis and bacterial physiology are not well understood. Here, we show that Caulobacter crescentus cells lacking CdnL have severe morphological and growth defects. Specifically, ΔcdnL cells grow slowly in both rich and defined media, and are wider, more curved, and have shorter stalks than WT cells. These defects arise from transcriptional downregulation of most major classes of biosynthetic genes, leading to significant decreases in the levels of critical metabolites, including pyruvate, α-ketoglutarate, ATP, NAD+, UDP-N-acetyl-glucosamine, lipid II, and purine and pyrimidine precursors. Notably, we find that ΔcdnL cells are glutamate auxotrophs, and ΔcdnL is synthetic lethal with other genetic perturbations that limit glutamate synthesis and lipid II production. Our findings implicate CdnL as a direct and indirect regulator of genes required for metabolic homeostasis that impacts morphogenesis through availability of lipid II and other metabolites.

Klíčová slova:

Cell metabolism – Cell walls – Glutamate – Lipids – Transcriptional control – Transcriptome analysis – Xylose – Caulobacter


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