Analysis of the SNARE Stx8 recycling reveals that the retromer-sorting motif has undergone evolutionary divergence

Autoři: Francisco Yanguas aff001;  M.-Henar Valdivieso aff001
Působiště autorů: Departamento de Microbiología y Genética, Universidad de Salamanca. Salamanca. Spain aff001;  Instituto de Biología Funcional y Genómica (IBFG), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Salamanca. Spain aff002
Vyšlo v časopise: Analysis of the SNARE Stx8 recycling reveals that the retromer-sorting motif has undergone evolutionary divergence. PLoS Genet 17(3): e1009463. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1009463
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009463


Fsv1/Stx8 is a Schizosaccharomyces pombe protein similar to mammalian syntaxin 8. stx8Δ cells are sensitive to salts, and the prevacuolar endosome (PVE) is altered in stx8Δ cells. These defects depend on the SNARE domain, data that confirm the conserved function of syntaxin8 and Stx8 in vesicle fusion at the PVE. Stx8 localizes at the trans-Golgi network (TGN) and the prevacuolar endosome (PVE), and its recycling depends on the retromer component Vps35, and on the sorting nexins Vps5, Vps17, and Snx3. Several experimental approaches demonstrate that Stx8 is a cargo of the Snx3-retromer. Using extensive truncation and alanine scanning mutagenesis, we identified the Stx8 sorting signal. This signal is an IEMeaM sequence that is located in an unstructured protein region, must be distant from the transmembrane (TM) helix, and where the 133I, 134E, 135M, and 138M residues are all essential for recycling. This sorting motif is different from those described for most retromer cargoes, which include aromatic residues, and resembles the sorting motif of mammalian polycystin-2 (PC2). Comparison of Stx8 and PC2 motifs leads to an IEMxx(I/M) consensus. Computer-assisted screening for this and for a loose Ψ(E/D)ΨXXΨ motif (where Ψ is a hydrophobic residue with large aliphatic chain) shows that syntaxin 8 and PC2 homologues from other organisms bear variation of this motif. The phylogeny of the Stx8 sorting motifs from the Schizosaccharomyces species shows that their divergence is similar to that of the genus, showing that they have undergone evolutionary divergence. A preliminary analysis of the motifs in syntaxin 8 and PC2 sequences from various organisms suggests that they might have also undergone evolutionary divergence, what suggests that the presence of almost-identical motifs in Stx8 and PC2 might be a case of convergent evolution.

Klíčová slova:

Alanine – Endosomes – Saccharomyces cerevisiae – Sequence motif analysis – Schizosaccharomyces pombe – Vacuoles – Yeast – Vesicle fusion


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