AMP1 and CYP78A5/7 act through a common pathway to govern cell fate maintenance in Arabidopsis thaliana

Autoři: Olena Poretska aff001;  Saiqi Yang aff001;  Delphine Pitorre aff002;  Brigitte Poppenberger aff003;  Tobias Sieberer aff001
Působiště autorů: Research Unit Plant Growth Regulation, TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany aff001;  Department for Microbiology, Immunobiology and Genetics, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria aff002;  Biotechnology of Horticultural Crops, TUM School of Life Sciences Weihenstephan, Technical University of Munich, Freising, Germany aff003
Vyšlo v časopise: AMP1 and CYP78A5/7 act through a common pathway to govern cell fate maintenance in Arabidopsis thaliana. PLoS Genet 16(9): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1009043
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009043


Higher plants can continuously form new organs by the sustained activity of pluripotent stem cells. These stem cells are embedded in meristems, where they produce descendants, which undergo cell proliferation and differentiation programs in a spatiotemporally-controlled manner. Under certain conditions, pluripotency can be reestablished in descending cells and this reversion in cell fate appears to be actively suppressed by the existing stem cell pool. Mutation of the putative carboxypeptidase ALTERED MERISTEM PROGRAM1 (AMP1) in Arabidopsis causes defects in the suppression of pluripotency in cells normally programmed for differentiation, giving rise to unique hypertrophic phenotypes during embryogenesis as well as in the shoot apical meristem. A role of AMP1 in the miRNA-dependent control of translation has recently been established, however, how this activity is connected to its developmental functions is not resolved. Here we identify members of the cytochrome P450 clade CYP78A to act in parallel with AMP1 to control cell fate in Arabidopsis. Mutation of CYP78A5 and its close homolog CYP78A7 in a cyp78a5,7 double mutant caused suspensor-to-embryo conversion and ectopic stem cell pool formation in the shoot meristem, phenotypes characteristic for amp1. The tissues affected in the mutants showed pronounced expression levels of AMP1 and CYP78A5 in wild type. A comparison of mutant transcriptomic responses revealed an intriguing degree of overlap and highlighted alterations in protein lipidation processes. Moreover, we also found elevated protein levels of selected miRNA targets in cyp78a5,7. Based on comprehensive genetic interaction studies we propose a model in which both enzyme classes act on a common downstream process to sustain cell fate decisions in the early embryo and the shoot apical meristem.

Klíčová slova:

Arabidopsis thaliana – Leaves – Meristems – MicroRNAs – Phenotypes – Pluripotency – Seedlings – Stem cells


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