Nitrogen coordinated import and export of arginine across the yeast vacuolar membrane


Autoři: Melody Cools aff001;  Simon Lissoir aff001;  Elisabeth Bodo aff003;  Judith Ulloa-Calzonzin aff004;  Alexander DeLuna aff004;  Isabelle Georis aff002;  Bruno André aff001
Působiště autorů: Molecular Physiology of the Cell, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Biopark, Gosselies, Belgium aff001;  Métabolisme des micro-organismes modèles, LABIRIS, Brussels, Belgium aff002;  Développement des bioprocédés et microbiologie appliquée, LABIRIS, Brussels, Belgium aff003;  Unidad de Genómica Avanzada (Langebio), Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Irapuato, Guanajuato, Mexico aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: Nitrogen coordinated import and export of arginine across the yeast vacuolar membrane. PLoS Genet 16(8): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008966
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008966

Souhrn

The vacuole of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae plays an important role in nutrient storage. Arginine, in particular, accumulates in the vacuole of nitrogen-replete cells and is mobilized to the cytosol under nitrogen starvation. The arginine import and export systems involved remain poorly characterized, however. Furthermore, how their activity is coordinated by nitrogen remains unknown. Here we characterize Vsb1 as a novel vacuolar membrane protein of the APC (amino acid-polyamine-organocation) transporter superfamily which, in nitrogen-replete cells, is essential to active uptake and storage of arginine into the vacuole. A shift to nitrogen starvation causes apparent inhibition of Vsb1-dependent activity and mobilization of stored vacuolar arginine to the cytosol. We further show that this arginine export involves Ypq2, a vacuolar protein homologous to the human lysosomal cationic amino acid exporter PQLC2 and whose activity is detected only in nitrogen-starved cells. Our study unravels the main arginine import and export systems of the yeast vacuole and suggests that they are inversely regulated by nitrogen.

Klíčová slova:

Arginine – Cytosol – Lysosomes – Phenotypes – Vacuoles – Vesicles – Yeast – Radiolabeling


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2020 Číslo 8

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