The High Osmolarity Glycerol Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase regulates glucose catabolite repression in filamentous fungi


Autoři: Leandro José de Assis aff001;  Lilian Pereira Silva aff001;  Li Liu aff002;  Kerstin Schmitt aff002;  Oliver Valerius aff002;  Gerhard H. Braus aff002;  Laure Nicolas Annick Ries aff003;  Gustavo Henrique Goldman aff001
Působiště autorů: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Bloco Q, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil aff001;  Department of Molecular Microbiology and Genetics and Goettingen Center for Molecular Biosciences (GZMB), University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany aff002;  Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil aff003;  Institute for Advanced Study, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany aff004
Vyšlo v časopise: The High Osmolarity Glycerol Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase regulates glucose catabolite repression in filamentous fungi. PLoS Genet 16(8): e32767. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1008996
Kategorie: Research Article
doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1008996

Souhrn

The utilization of different carbon sources in filamentous fungi underlies a complex regulatory network governed by signaling events of different protein kinase pathways, including the high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) and protein kinase A (PKA) pathways. This work unraveled cross-talk events between these pathways in governing the utilization of preferred (glucose) and non-preferred (xylan, xylose) carbon sources in the reference fungus Aspergillus nidulans. An initial screening of a library of 103 non-essential protein kinase (NPK) deletion strains identified several mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) to be important for carbon catabolite repression (CCR). We selected the MAPKs Ste7, MpkB, and PbsA for further characterization and show that they are pivotal for HOG pathway activation, PKA activity, CCR via regulation of CreA cellular localization and protein accumulation, as well as for hydrolytic enzyme secretion. Protein-protein interaction studies show that Ste7, MpkB, and PbsA are part of the same protein complex that regulates CreA cellular localization in the presence of xylan and that this complex dissociates upon the addition of glucose, thus allowing CCR to proceed. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK) A was also identified as part of this protein complex and shown to potentially phosphorylate two serine residues of the HOG MAPKK PbsA. This work shows that carbon source utilization is subject to cross-talk regulation by protein kinases of different signaling pathways. Furthermore, this study provides a model where the correct integration of PKA, HOG, and GSK signaling events are required for the utilization of different carbon sources.

Klíčová slova:

Aspergillus nidulans – Enzyme regulation – Glucose – Glucose signaling – MAPK signaling cascades – Phosphorylation – Protein kinases – Xylose


Zdroje

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