Synthesis of triclosan derivatives and their antimycobacterial effect


Authors: Rudolf Vosátka ;  Martin Krátký ;  Jarmila Vinšová
Authors place of work: Department of Inorganic and Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Published in the journal: Čes. slov. Farm., 2015; 64, 302
Category: 44<sup>th</sup> Conference drug synthesis and analysis

Introduction

Tuberculosis (TB) represents one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Development of new potential drugs is essential because of the existence of latent TB and development of drug-resistant TB forms (multidrug-resistant TB, extensively drug-resistant TB and recently reported totally drug-resistant TB)1, 2). Triclosan (irgasan) is a broad spectrum antibacterial agent used in household products. Triclosan has been shown to inhibit InhA, an essential enoyl acyl carrier protein which leads to the lysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis3). Esterification of triclosan to form its prodrugs can produce compounds with improved properties – enhanced bioavailability or absorption, higher activity and/or lower toxicity.

Experimental methods

We used two synthetic procedures to obtain these esters. The first pathway consists in the reaction of triclosan (1 eq.) with various acyl chlorides (1.3 eq.) in presence of triethylamine (1.5 eq.). The second approach of the preparation triclosan esters is the Steglich esterification. Common yields were around 70 %. Synthesized derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, M. avium and two strains of M. kansasii.

Results and discussion

It was prepared 28 triclosan esters based on various aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, aromatic and heteroaromatic acids. 5-Chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenyl 4-bromobenzoate (TRC-B-4Br) showed the best in vitro activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) 16 μmol/L against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Against next strains had the best activity 5-chloro-2-(2,4--dichlorophenoxy)phenyl isonicotinate (TRC-ISO). The MIC of TRC-ISO was similar for M. kansasii 6509/96 and better for M. avium and M. kansasii 235/80 with comparison of INH (Table 1).

Tab. 1. The most active derivatives
The most active derivatives

Conclusions

The in vitro evaluation of 28 triclosan-based esters showed promising antimycobacterial activity. The further research of the most active analogues will continue, particularly with regard to cytotoxicity.

Grant dedications: IGA NT 13346 (2012).

Conflicts of interest: none.

Mgr. Rudolf Vosátka

Department of Inorganic and Organic Chemistry

Faculty of Pharmacy Charles University

Heyrovského 1203, 500 05 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

e-mail: vosatkar@faf.cuni.cz


Zdroje

1. World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2014. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/137094/1/9789241564809_eng.pdf?ua=1 (30. 6. 2015).

2. Krátký M., Vinšová, J. Pokroky ve vývoji antituberkulotik působících na multilékově rezistentní kmeny. Chem. Listy 2010; 104, 998–1005

3. Stec J., Vilchéz C., et al. Biological evaluation of potent triclosan-derived inhibitors of the enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase InhA in drug-sensitive and drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ChemMedChem. 2014; 9, 2528–2537.

Štítky
Farmacie Farmakologie

Článek vyšel v časopise

Česká a slovenská farmacie

Číslo 6

2015 Číslo 6

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